This website aims to help the local government(s) in Washington State to prepare a new, or update an existing hazard mitigation plan.  Although the site is principally based on FEMA’s ‘Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (2013)’, and Beyond the Basics website hosted by the Coastal Hazards Center and the Center for Sustainable Community Design at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC). This site also features additional examples of the best local hazard mitigation plans from Washington State and elsewhere in the U.S.

The users can use this website or FEMA’s handbook in conjunction with the Washington Riskscape Atlas to prepare a high-quality local hazard mitigation plan. Each recommended action that can be easily accomplished using the Riskscape Atlas is denoted with the symbol Link to Atlas

We encourage you to review this website and provide feedback. We also invite you to consider submitting examples of risk analysis, policies and other mitigation examples from your own plan that could serve as a model for other communities.

The Nine Tasks

There are nine recommended tasks for developing or updating a local hazard mitigation plan included in the FEMA handbook. Each of the tasks is linked below on this page. While it is recommended that the tasks be completed in the recommended order, a number of tasks can also be completed in tandem.

Task 1: Planning Area Determination


Establish the Planning Area

Multi-Jurisdictional Plan Coordination

Leading the Planning Process & Technical Assistance


Task 2: Building the Planning Team
  • Overview
  • Identify Planning Team Members
  • Engage Local Leadership
  • Promote Participation and Buy-In
  • Initial Steps for the Planning Team
  • Multi-Jurisdictional Planning Team
  • Documenting the Planning Process
  • Conclusion
Task 3: Create an Outreach Strategy
  • Overview
  • Outreach Strategy
  • Continuing Public Outreach over Time
  • Coordinating a Multi-Jurisdictional Outreach Strategy
  • Process Documentation – Stakeholder and Public Involvement
  • Conclusion
Task 4: Community Capability Review
  • Overview
  • Capability Assessment
  • Types of Capabilities
  • National Flood Insurance Program
  • Documentation of Community Capabilities
  • Conclusion
Task 5: Conduct Risk Assessment
  • Overview
  • Defining Risk Assessment
  • Conducting Risk Assessment
  • Documenting Risk Assessment
  • Conclusion
Task 6: Develop a Mitigation Strategy
  • Overview
  • Mitigation Strategy
  • Mitigation Goals
  • Types of Mitigation Actions
  • Selecting Mitigation Actions
  • Implementation Action Plan
  • Updating Mitigation Strategy
  • Communicating the Mitigation Action Plan
  • Conclusion
Task 7: Keep the Plan Current
  • Overview
  • Plan Maintenance Procedures
  • Continue Public Involvement
  • Conclusion
Task 8: Review and Adopt the Plan
  • Overview
  • Local Plan Review
  • State and FEMA Plan Review
  • Local Adoption of the Plan
  • Additional Considerations
  • Celebrate Success
Task 9: Create a Safe and Resilient Community
  • Overview
  • Challenges to Achieving Mitigation Goals
  • Recommendations for Success
  • Funding and Assistance
  • Conclusion
Planning Process Worksheets
  • Task 1
  • Task 2
  • Task 3
  • Task 4
  • Task 5
  • Task 6
  • Task 7
  • Task 8
  • Task 9
Local Mitigation Plan Review Tool
  • Checklist